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Poster:  PTDT         Reply   Post Message
Date: Thu Nov 17 13:53:02 2005
Subject:  Pha'p Mo^n Di.a / Gu+?i toa`n the^?
Post No:  2311    


Tru+o*'c khi va`o ba`i gia?ng thu+' nha^'t, to^i xin no'i va`i ha`ng: thu+' nha^'t to^i kho^ng co' y' ddi.nh quye^'n ru~, thu hu't Pha^.t tu+? tu theo pha'p mo^n Dia Tang (PMDT), thu+' nhi` nhu+~ng gi` to^i no'i dde^`u hoa`n to`an du+.a tre^n kinh sa'ch theo su+. hie^?u bie^'t cu?a to^i, thu+' ba PMDT ddo`i ho?i nguoi theo mo^n na`y pha?i thu+.c ha`nh mo*'i hie^?u tha^'u dduoc. Tho*`i gian dde^? tho^ng hie^?u pha'p mo^n thi` tu`y nguoi, co' nguoi mo^.t sa't na, co' nguoi ca? nga`n kie^'p; to^i thi` ma^'t va`o khoa?ng 12 na(m mo*'i hie^?u dduoc ta.i vi` kho^ng chu' ta^m. To^i xin ca^`u nguye^.n chu+ Pha^.t gia ho^. cho nhu+~ng ba.n na`o muo^'n tu theo PMDT dde^? cho ca'c ba.n kho^ng ma^'t nhie^`u thi` gio*` nhu+ to^i. To^i hy la` chi? to^'n mo^.t tua^`n le^~ (ne^'u thu+.c ha`nh). To^i xin du`ng tie^'ng Anh trong va`i tru+o*`ng ho*.p cho ro~ nghi~a va` cho nhu+~ng chu+~ to^i kho^ng bie^'t tie^'ng Vie^.t hoa(.c Ha'n tu+. go.i la` gi`.

Cu~ng nhu+ ta^'t ca? mo^n ho.c ve^` religion, thi` ha`nh gia? ne^n co' mo^.t ti' background ve^` gia'o ly'. To^i nghi~ la` gia'o ly' Pha^.t gia'o thi` ba.n bie^'t ra`nh ho*n to^i. PMDT cu~ng va^.y, vi` dda^y la` Pha^.t ho.c cho ne^n tru+o*'c nha^'t ca'c ba.n ne^n bie^'t:
1) su+? Du+'c Pha^.t Thi'ch Ca
2) Tu+' Die^.u De^', Ba't Cha'nh Da.o, Tha^.p Nhi. Nha^n Duye^n
3) Die^?m no^`ng co^'t trong da.o Pha^.t: Impermanence, No-Self (NS), Nie^'t Ba`n (NB). Impermanence thi` ddo*n gia?n, NS va` NB thi` ra^'t kho' hie^?u. Chu' y' dde^'n NS, ne^'u kho^ng hie^?u NS thi` kho^ng the^? na`o hie^?u NB. Theo kinh nghie^.m cu?a to^i va` nhie^`u nguoi ba.n thi` co' lu'c tra?i qua bie^'t bao nhie^u tho*`i gian cu~ng kho^ng hie^?u dduoc NS, ddu`ng mo^.t ca'i hie^?u dduoc ngay. Khi hie^?u dduoc thi` mo^.t cha^n tro*`i ro^.ng lo*'n mo*? ra cho mi`nh. Pha^.t Thi'ch Ca gia'c ngo^. vi` "bie^'t ca'i NS." Hie^?u va` bie^'t la` hai ca'i hoa`n toa`n kha'c nhau (to^i se~ tri`nh ba`y sau na`y.) Ba.n pha?i do.c ve^` su+. kha'c bie^.t giu+~a NB theo tu+ tu+o*?ng Nguye^n Thu?y va` Da.i thu+`a; co`n trong Da.i thu+`a thi` kha'c bie^.t giu+~a NB-Thie^`n va` NB-Ti.nh ddo^.


Co' ra^'t nhie^`u kinh sa'ch, ba`i gia?ng no'i ve^` va^'n dde^` na`y. Ho. no'i chi tie^'t, du`ng va(n chu+o*ng bo'ng ba^?y, ddo.c tha^'y thu' vi. ho*n ba`i cu?a to^i. To^i ra'ng no'i ra su+. hie^?u bie^'t cu?a to^i cho ba.n. PMDT chu' nhie^`u ve^` thu+.c ha`nh ne^n to^i ddu+a ra ca^u chuye^.n ma` co' the^? co' tha^.t. Ne^'u ai ho?i ba.n la` tra'i du+a ha^'u no' ra la`m sao, gio^'ng ca'i gi`, ngon kho^ng, thi` ba.n tra? lo*` ra sao? To^i nghi~ la` ba.n se~ no'i no' la` tra'i ca^y, co' tra'i tro`n, co' ca'i ba^`u du.c, lo*'n be'; be^n ngoa`i ma^`u xanh. Ca('t no' ra thi` be^n trong ma^`u ddo?, a(n va`o ngo.t nhu+ ddu+o*`ng. Nguoi na`o ma` nghe ba.n no'i nhu+ the^' thi` nguoi ta se~ la^.p la.i y chang khi nguoi kha'c ho?i ho. vi` ho. hie^?u ca'i ma` ba.n die^~n ta? cho ho. Tha^.t su+. thi` ho. kho^ng bie^'t no' xanh hay ddo? la`m sao, lo*'n be' the^' na`o, ngo.t nhu+ ddu+o*`ng la` co' mu`i vi. gi`. Thay vi` tra? lo*`i cho ho., ba.n bo^? tra'i du+a ha^'u ra ca('t cho ho. mo^.t mie^'ng. Ca(`m le^n a(n va`o la` ho. bie^'t ngay. Mo^.t tho*`i gian sau qua ddi, ne^'u co' ai ho?i ho. a(n du+a ha^'u co' ngon kho^ng thi` ba.n nghi~ la` ho. tra? lo*`i la`m sao? To^i nghi~ la` ho. ddinh ninh trong gia^y la't ro^`i tu+. nhie^n vo^~ tra'n mo^.t ca'i vi` nho*' ra tra'i du+a ha^'u no' ngon nhu+ the^' na`o va` tho^'t le^n "tro*`i o*i ngon la('m". Ho. dda~ bie^'t dduoc tra'i du+a ha^'u.

To'm ta('t la.i la` ta tha^'y co' ba ca'i bie^'t, ca'i bie^'t na`o cu~ng to^'t he^'t nhu+ng co' ca'i to^'t ho*n ca'i kha'c:
1) Bie^'t vi` ho.c tu+` nguoi kha'c. Tha^.t su+. thi` nguoi ta bie^'t chu+' mi`nh kho^ng bie^'t.
2) Kho^ng ai da^.y mi`nh ma` mi`nh bie^'t vi` mi`nh du`ng ly' lua^.n logic. Bie^'t kie^?u na`y ra^'t quan vi` da^y la` cai' cho mi`nh tie^'n tha^n trong xa~ ho^.i; bie^'t dduoc nhie^`u thu+' ma` nguoi kha'c kho^ng bie^'t. Nhu+ng ca'i bie^'t na`y gia?i quye^'t dduoc nhu+~ng va^'n dde^` ma` chi? ddo`i ho?i logic: che^' ra ma'y ddie^.n tu+?, xe ho*i,...Co`n nhu+~ng gi` ma` "go beyond logic" thi` kho^ng gia?i quye^'t dduoc; thi' du. nhu+ nhu+~ng cung an cu?a Thie^`n, mi`nh ddi dda^u sau khi mi`nh che^'t,....Bie^'t ba(`ng logic co' gio*'i ha.n.
3) Bie^'t ba(`ng "Insight", hi`nh nhu+ Thie^`n go.i la` Qua'n. Ne^'u kho^ng ddu'ng xin ca'c ba.n su+a? la.i. Theo su+. hie^?u bie^'t cu?a to^i (co' the^? sai) thi` Ti.nh ddo^. coi ca'i ddo' la` "Ti'n Nguye^.n Ha.nh". Nguoi tu the PMDT ca^`n pha?i co' ca'i na`y.


Nguoi tu theo PMDT pha?i: la`m ddie^`u to^'t, tra'nh ddie^`u xa^'u, giu+~ cho ta^m thanh ti.nh. Nguoi tu PMDT pha?i co' tu+. do la`m nhu+~ng ddie^`u tre^n theo y' mi`nh, kho^ng bi. ca'c pha'p mo^n kha'c chi pho^'i.

Ca^u dda^`u tie^n la` lo*`i no'i cu?a DDu+'c Pha^.t. Ca^u thu+' hai dde^? chi? cho mi`nh phu+o*ng pha'p ddu'ng nha^'t dde^? thi ha`nh bo^?n pha^.n cu?a mi`nh. Ne^'u kho^ng co' tu+. do thi` kho^ng the^? na`o bie^'t la`m ddie^`u gi` to^'t hoa(.c xa^'u hay giu+~ cho ta^m thanh ti.nh dduoc. Tu+. do provides cho mi`nh ca'i "bie^'t" nhu+ dda~ no'i o*? pha^`n tre^n.


Nguoi theo pha'p mo^n Di.a pha?i la`m ddie^`u to^'t, tra'nh ddie^`u xa^'u, giu+~ cho ta^m thanh ti.nh. Ngu+o*`i theo pha'p mo^n na`y la`m nhu+~ng ddie^`u tre^n theo su+. tu+. do cu?a mi`nh, kho^ng ne^n dde^? cho ca'c pha'p mo^n kha'c chi pho^'i.

Ta.i sao pha'p mo^n na`y go.i la` Di.a Phong tu.c tho*` Di.a Bo^` Ta't ra^'t thi.nh ha`nh cho dde^'n the^' ky? thu+' sa'u ro^`i tu+` tu+` bie^'n ma^'t. Mo^.t so^' nguoi lu'c ba^'y gio*` tho*` Di.a vi` ho. tha^'y Di.a trong lu.c ddo^., ga^`n mi`nh ho*n, co`n co~i Ta^y Phu+o*ng Cu+.c La.c thi` xa va.n da(.m. Cu~ng nhu+ trong qu'a khu+' co' mo^.t so^' nguoi ra^'t to^n tho*` Di La(.c Bo^` Ta't vi` muo^'n ve^` co~i cu?a Nga`i ddang ngu+. tri. (sung su+o*'ng trong Co~i Du.c). Trong nhu+~ng co~i na`y su+. sung su+o*'ng chi? co' gio*'i ha.n va` ta.m bo*. ne^n ve^` sau ho. tu theo Ti.nh ddo^. vi` pha'p mo^n na`y ddem dde^'n cho ho. con ddu+o*`ng gia'c ngo^. vie^n ma~n. Nhu+~ng nguoi thO*` Di.a lu'c ba^'y gio*` co' la`m gi` kha'c la. so vo*'i nhu+~ng nguoi kha'c kho^ng thi` kho^ng ai bie^'t vi` kho^ng co' sa'ch vo*? dde^? la.i. Co' the^? ho. kho^ng la`m gi` kha'c ma` chi? tho*` cu'ng Di.a nhie^`u ho*n nhu+~ng nguoi kha'c lu'c ba^'y gio*`. Cu~ng nhu+ nguoi Ta^y ba^y gio*`, ho. tho*` Ddu+'c Qua'n The^' A^m nhie^`u ho*n nhu+~ng nguoi kha'c, ho. la`m co*`, phu+o*'n co' chu+~ "A'n ma ni ba't minh ho^`ng", ho. tin Dalai Lama la` Qua'n The^' A^m ta'i the^', nhu+ng ddu+o*`ng lo^'i tu ho.c kho^ng kha'c gi` nguoi nu+o*'c kha'c. Bo*?i vi` Di.a lie^n quan nhie^`u vo*'i lu.c dda.o cho ne^n to^i cho.n Di.a la`m te^n cho pha'p mo^n. Di.a chi? la` ca'i te^n to^i cho.n dde^? cho kha'c vo*'i pha'p mo^n kha'c tho^i chu+' kho^ng co' y' nghi~a gi` he^'t. Cu~ng nhu+ nga`y xu+a nguoi ta cu~ng co' the^? du`ng te^n Di DDa` hoa(.c Cu+.c La.c thay vi` Ti.nh ddo^.; Ti~nh Ta^m thay vi` Thie^`n. Chu+~ pha'p mo^n to^i du`ng kho^ng ddu'ng nghi~a cho ne^n to^i se~ ddo^?i la.i. Chu+~ pha'p mo^n to^i du`ng kho^ng co' nghi~a la` Dharma ma` chi? la` "ca'ch thu+'c". Ba^y gio*` to^i ddo^?i la.i, thay vi` ke^u la` pha'p mo^n Di.a to^i ke^u la` ca'ch thu+'c tu co' te^n la` Di.a (CTDT)


Ta tha^'y trong kinh Di.a Vu+o*ng Bo^` Ta't nguye^.n ddo^. cho mi`nh trong lu.c dda.o. Chu+~ lu.c dda.o to^i du`ng o*? dda^y kho^ng gio^'ng chu+~ lu.c dda.o trong kinh hoa`n toa`n. Chu+~ lu.c dda.o to^i du`ng trong CTDT no'i ve^` sa'u dda(.c ti'nh cu?a nguoi trong hie^.n ta.i. Co' nguoi sanh ra hoa(.c bi. tai na.n ma` cu.t he^'t cha^n tay, ho. la`m kie^'p nguoi nhu+ng ddi ddu+'ng kho^ng dduoc, pha?i le^'t hoa(.c bo` nhu+ thu' va^.t. Co' nguoi bi. be^.nh ta^m tha^`n so^'ng trong so*. ha~i nhu+ chu'ng sinh trong ddi.a ngu.c, lu'c na`o cu~ng tu+o*?ng tu+o*.ng nhu+ co' nguoi muo^'n gie^'t mi`nh. Co' nguoi tham lam nhu+ nga~ qui?. Co' nguoi gia^.n du+~ nhu+ A tu la. Co' nguoi to^'i nga`y thoa?i ma'i, gia^`u co' a(n cho*i nhu+ nguoi tro*`i. Khi to^i no'i Di.a ddo^. cho mi`nh trong lu.c dda.o, y' to^i la` nguoi tu theo CTDT pha?i la`m nhu+~ng ddie^`u to^i ne^u ra o*? be^n tre^n (ddie^`u pha?i la`m cu?a nguoi tu theo CTDT) dde^? tha^'y dduoc su+. nguye^.n ddo^. cu?a Nga`i trong hie^.n ta.i na`y; co`n ne^'u kho^ng la`m thi` kho^ng tha^'y.


Pha'p mo^n CTDT la` pha'p mo^n ddem dde^'n su+. ha.nh phu'c cho con ngu+o*`i ngay ba^y gio*`. Trong pha^`n mo*? dda^`u to^i no'i mi`nh pha?i bie^'t mo^.t i't ve^` kha'i nie^.m Pha^.t ho.c dde^? giu'p cho mi`nh cho.n lu+.a ca'i gi` to^'t thi` la`m, ca'i xa^'u thi` tra'nh. Ta.i sao pha?i co' tu+. do ? Tu+. do chu+'ng to? la` mi`nh hie^?u bie^'t ca'i mi`nh la`m chu+' kho^ng pha?i la` tin theo hay bi. ba('t buo^.c bo*?i nguoi kha'c; DDu+'c Pha^.t Thi'ch Ca cu~ng dda~ khuye^'n khi'ch mi`nh ne^n chu+'ng nghie^.m nhu+~ng gi` Nga`i gia?ng da^.y.


CTDT kho^ng ddi nguo*.c vo*'i ddu+o*`ng lo^'i cu?a Dda.o Pha^.t. Nguoi tu theo CTDT ne^n nho*', pha'p mo^n na`y chi? giu'p mi`nh co' dduoc mo^.t ddo*`i so^'ng an nhie^n thoa?i ma'i trong hie^.n ta.i ma` tho^i. Trong qu'a khu+' mi`nh tu+` dda^u dde^'n, co`n khi mi`nh che^'t thi` mi`nh ddi dda^u? Nguoi tu theo CTDT pha?i tu+. tra? lo*`i ca^u ho?i ddo' cho mi`nh. Ne^'u mi`nh muo^'n tha`nh Pha^.t ngay ba^y gio*` thi` tu Thie^`n, co`n muo^'n ddi Ta^y Phu+o*ng Cu+.c La.c thi` tu Ti.nh ddo^., co`n muo^'n ra sao thi` ra thi` kho^ng ca^`n pha?i la`m gi` he^'t. Nhu+ng mi`nh pha?i co' tu+. do dde^? lu+.a cho.n ca'c pha'p mo^n ddo', khi cho.n thi` pha?i hie^?u cho ca(.n ke~ chu+' ddu+`ng dde^? ai du. do^~ mi`nh.


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